The grass pea, Lathyrus sativus, has a long record as a food resource in temperate regions of the Old World, despite having toxic seeds and being potentially harmful to both humans and livestock.The seeds are regular components of plant assemblages recovered from archaeological sites in south-west Asia and southern Europe from the seventh millennium BC onwards. Illuminate By Design, Experience Ethiopian Flora on our Tour of Ethiopia. Ethiopia is one of the oldest centres of human civilisation in the world. Currently, human-induced climate change and habitat fragmentation are severely threatening the country's biodiversity, and the consequences of these effects have not been studied at large. Lake Tana (FEOW) and the Ethiopian Highlands (FEOW) are important freshwater ecoregions. The Ethiopian wolf and the gelada baboon are also natives of the … The Ethiopian banana, or enset as it is commonly known in Ethiopia, is a giant herb that can grow to over 10 metres in height, with a pseudostem made of … These gaps in our knowledge represent an opportunity for ecologists, geneticists, evolutionary biologists, conservation biologists, and other experts to investigate the biodiversity status and the complex ecological processes involved in structuring vegetation dynamics so as to help take effective conservation actions. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co., Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2020.04.004. Detailed research is needed to explore how vegetation and species respond to rapidly growing environmental change. The higher elevations support conifers such as podocarpus and Juniperus species. Grasses and trees are often used to stabilize gully banks. Coffee is the beverage most used in parts of the Highlands.The coffee is bought in small quantities — often one Ethiopian coffee cup (50-75 cc) in the local market. Stimulants. Forest, shrub, bush and woodland, bodies of water, and wasteland make up 17, 4 and 16% of the total area, respectively, and the remaining 3% is taken up by settlement. These vegetation types host their own unique species, but also share several common species. Striking plants are the ‘red-hot-pokers’ of the genus Kniphofia. Farming produce includes teff, sorghum, millet, corn, coffee and flowers. However, researchers have yet to extensively investigate the ecology, phenology, as well as the evolutionary, genetics, and conservation status of Ethiopian vegetations at community and species level over space and time. The land of the former kingdom is mountainous with stretches of forest. At high elevations, temperature is the main controlling factor allowing the growth of woody plants and for the establishment of open forest vegetation. Ethiopia boasts an extremely diverse flora including more than 1,000 species of woody plants (125 of which are endemic) and 736 types of grass. At Bale and Simien massifs open habitat typical plants are – soft green guassa grass, ericaceous heathers and spectacular palm-like giant lobelias. Introduction The Ethiopian highlands are defined as areas lo- cated at altitude above 1500 m (asl) and cover some 490000 km2 or 40% of the Ethiopian land mass (Constable, 1984). SEO Peer review under responsibility of Editorial Office of Plant Diversity. The eucalypt is the species with the highest demand among Ethiopian farmers and has an important environmental and socioeconomic key role in the highlands area. The Central Ethiopian Highlands EBA is found to the north of Addis Ababa and extends into the highland areas of Eritrea. 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